圖片來自 Marek Piwnicki

設定 MariaDB 真・UTF-8 編碼

MariaDB 遺傳了 MySQL 的老問題,utf8 是假的 UTF-8,utf8mb4 才是真的 UTF-8。

參照:

依照我的 CentOS 做出對應修改。

改 /etc/opt/rh/rh-mariadb102/my.cnf.d/mariadb-server.cnf:

[client]
default-character-set = utf8mb4

[mysql]
default-character-set = utf8mb4

[mysqld]
character-set-server = utf8mb4
character-set-client-handshake = FALSE

[mariadb]
character_set_server = utf8mb4
character_set_client = utf8mb4

加上這些設定敘述。

重啟 MariaDB 服務:

> sudo systemctl restart rh-mariadb102-mariadb

確認一下狀態:

> sudo systemctl status rh-mariadb102-mariadb

進去 MariaDB 看一下現在的編碼:

 > show variables like 'char%'; show variables like 'collation%';

會看到像這樣滿滿的 utf8mb4

+--------------------------+---------+
| Variable_name            | Value   |
+--------------------------+---------+
| character_set_client     | utf8mb4 |
| character_set_connection | utf8mb4 |
| character_set_database   | utf8mb4 |
| character_set_filesystem | binary  |
| character_set_results    | utf8mb4 |
| character_set_server     | utf8mb4 |
| character_set_system     | utf8    |
| character_sets_dir       |         |
+--------------------------+---------+

+----------------------+--------------------+
| Variable_name        | Value              |
+----------------------+--------------------+
| collation_connection | utf8mb4_general_ci |
| collation_database   | utf8mb4_general_ci |
| collation_server     | utf8mb4_general_ci |
+----------------------+--------------------+